Pregnancy and Migraine
Most migraine affected women get rid of it just during pregnancy. Why pregnancy for most women is protection from migraine? The thing is that during pregnancy the level of estrogens and progesterone practically remains constant, and once it changes it will not change drastically. Whereas during a common menstrual cycle the level of these hormones constantly changes drastically in dependence with the phase of the cycle. This “hormonal lull” starts to set in from the eighth or tenth day after fertilization, and to the end of the third month of pregnancy practically all women forget about their headaches up until delivery of a child.
Many studies have found out that eighty per cent of migraine affected women with coming of pregnancy are reported to have evident relief of the disease state. For instance, in Australia two hundred pregnant women were examined, thirty one of which were migraine affected (15, 5%). Of which seven women did not have migraine attacks during pregnancy at all (22,6%), seventeen women recorded that during pregnancy migraine attacks were less frequent and proceeded easier than before pregnancy. Thus, twenty four women out of thirty one (77, 4%) felt better during pregnancy. Remaining seven women (22, 6%) among the earlier migraine affected women during pregnancy did not feel any relief during their disease. Moreover, the attacks at this time became more frequent and bad. It is worth noticing, that among examined two hundred women there were seven (3, 5%) ones not migraine affected earlier, but migraine attacks developed in them for the first time during pregnancy. Migraine started in five women at the first tree months of pregnancy, in two others it started in later terms.
Why pregnancy relieves migraine course not in all women? There is no absolute sureness, but researchers think that this depends on individual sensitivity of estrogen receptors in different women.  Settling in hypothalamus, they actually are responsible for the body’s reaction on the fluctuation of the hormone’s level. Most women rid of headaches in run of pregnancy due to stabilization of the estrogens level (though it is slightly variable in various cycles of pregnancy). But for some women, whose estrogen receptors are more sensible than those of the others, these insignificant fluctuations are enough for migraine emergence.
Nineteen per cent of women of reproductive age are migraine affected; this is the case for millions of women who experienced a migraine attack for the first time during pregnancy. Mostly it happens in the first three months of pregnancy when many women do not know yet that they have a baby on the way. Due to diagnostic difficulties in resolving this disease they are subject to various complicated examinations, not different to the life and health of the fetus. Just in the first three months of life the fetus is the most sensitive to various harmful effects.
In the first three months of pregnancy a woman should avoid administration of any medications. After the end of the first trimester of pregnancy she needs to consult an  obstetrician-gynecologist about medications for prevention of migraine attacks. Do not take any medicines without a previous discussion with the doctor.
Medical Maintenance of Pregnant Women
These techniques are not the first aid approach; it is a special medical maintenance of pregnant women.
relaxation method;
“anti-migraine” diet: avoid chocolate, red wine, salt, pineapples, citrus fruits, nitrites canned meat and cheeses, alcohol drinks, pork, beans, fresh yeast-fermented bread.
physical exercises, for instance, jogging:
muscles of neck relaxing exercises;
cold compresses.
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